Other information
Imunitāte un autoimūno patoloģiju slimības

Immunity and autoimmune pathology

Immunity is non-susceptibility that may be either congenital (genetically predetermined) or acquired (developed during the life after natural or artificially induced (immunisation) exposure to particular disease agents).

The immune system allows us to live and survive in this world, by protecting our body from everything that is strange and dangerous (bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, stress, radiation, non-systematic use of medications and other factors) and in the event of any extreme conditions.

The objective of the numerous factors of the immune system is to protect the body against any aggression, irrespective of its origin.
Immunity is not characterised by any individual parameter, it is so complicated that knowing the amount of one or another type of immune cell is not enough. If these good cells that protect our body – leukocytes and lymphocytes – start proliferating beyond control, lymph or blood cell cancer may occur.

Usually the immune system of a human can discern between the structures of the body and foreign structures. However, sometimes the settings of the complex mechanism of the immune system break down and the system starts functioning in excess, inappropriately, and causes allergic reactions, instead of protecting. Or it reacts in error and produces antibodies that attack the normal tissue of the body itself.

Autoimmune pathologies are diseases, the pathogenesis of which involves lymphocytes that induce destructive mechanisms by recognising the membranes of the cells of the body itself or native molecules of intercellular substance and initiating immune inflammation. To diagnose an autoimmune pathology, the hormonal or cellular immune reactivity directed against the components of the body of the patient themselves must be proven. Any autoimmune disease is characterised by a long-term, chronic course with periods of remission and aggravation, like in the patients with chronic infectious diseases.

Related services

GK Neiroklīnikas Galvassāpju kabinets galvassāpes


Headache office of GK Neiroklīnika is one of the infrequent specialised headache offices in Latvia. Comprehensive headache care performed by experienced neurologists and physiotherapists is offered here. A multiple-profile therapy plan is drawn up for the patient, which contains individually adjusted changes in lifestyle, occupations and medicinal therapy.

Read More »

Diagnostics by using one time use polysomnography method device WatcPAT ONE (instruction)

Useful Useful Topics Choose…Sleep disordersHeadaches Epilepsy and syncopeVertigoStrokeAutoimmune diseasesMemory disordersHeart rhythm diseases Other information Choose…Examination consent forms Diseases Choose…Alzheimer’s diseaseArrhythmiaAtherosclerosisBenign paroxysmal positional vertigoDementiaEpilepsyFaintingHypersomniaInsomniaInsomnia Meniere’s diseaseMigraineSomnambulismStrokeTension-type

Read More »
pirmā lēklme bezsamaņa epilepsija gkneiroklinika

First Seizure

First seizure – unconsciousness, epileptic seizure, etc. – can cause severe panic to the patient themselves, as well as their relatives, therefore GK Neiroklīnika has organised the possibility of receiving a consultation after the first seizure. The objective of this consultation is to find out the conditions, feelings, expectations of events, etc., with the purpose of performing further examinations and determining the cause of the seizure, as well as finding appropriate solutions for the future. The consultation lasts for approximately 30 minutes. No special preparation for the consultation is required.

Read More »